Pagan


Pagan
   (Bagan)
   One of the most famous archeological sites in Southeast Asia, comparable to Angkor in Cambodia. It is located on the east bank of a bend in the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River in Mandalay Division. The Pagan region is bounded on the northeast by the village of Nyaung-U and on the south by Pagan New Town (Bagan Myothit). Over 2,000 pagodas, temples (pahto), umin (temples built to resemble caves), and other religious buildings, erected mostly during the Pagan (Bagan) Dynasty between the 11th and 13th centuries, are found within a 41-square-kilometer (16-squaremile) area, along with a roughly equal number of unexcavated and unidentified mounds. Most of the pagodas and temples are built of brick. Wooden buildings of the old palace of the Pagan kings, on the banks of the Irrawaddy, no longer exist.
   The most notable monuments include the Shwezigon and Shwesandaw Pagodas and the Manuha, Ananda, Dhammyangyi, and Thatbyinnyu Temples. Over the centuries, the Burmese kept many of these monuments in good repair. Modern archeological investigation began in the British colonial era. Gordon H. Luce did extensive research and writing on Pagan, as did the Burmese scholar Dr. Than Tun.
   An earthquake in 1975 damaged many of the monuments, but they were largely restored with the assistance of UNESCO, which has designated Pagan a World Heritage Site. The post-1988 military government has carried out ambitious alterations of many of the temples since the mid-1990s, which have been criticized for being unfaithful to their original design. Also criticized is a 60-meter (200-foot) concrete viewing tower, completed in 2005, which is seen as an eyesore by locals and foreigners alike. The State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) regards Pagan as a major center for international tourism, an important source of foreign exchange. According to journalistic reports, the SPDC has allowed the construction of a large hotel in the area.
   Pagan has long been a center for the production of high-quality lacquerware. In 1990, the government forced residents of the old village of Pagan, located among the monuments, to relocate to open fields, now known as Pagan New Town, causing them considerable hardship.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pagan — (engl. pagan, frz. païen, ital. pagano, span. pagano, portug. pagão) ist ein deutsches Adjektiv und Fremdwort mit der Bedeutung „heidnisch, zum Heidentum (Paganismus) gehörig“. Es stammt von dem lateinischen Wort paganus, das ursprünglich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PAGAN — La ville de Pagan commande le passage entre les plaines de Kyaukse et de Mingu, les deux seuls bassins de l’Irrawaddy avant son delta. Elle se trouve à 210 de latitude nord, mais à l’intérieur des terres et à l’ombre des hauteurs de l’Arakan, qui …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • păgân — PĂGẤN, Ă, păgâni, e, s.m. şi f., adj. 1. s.m. şi f. Persoană care se închină zeilor sau idolilor; idolatru; p. ext. nume dat de creştini celor care sunt de altă religie decât cea creştină sau care nu are nici o religie; p. restr. turc, mahomedan …   Dicționar Român

  • Pagan — Pa gan (p[=a] gan), n. [L. paganus a countryman, peasant, villager, a pagan, fr. paganus of or pertaining to the country, rustic, also, pagan, fr. pagus a district, canton, the country, perh. orig., a district with fixed boundaries: cf. pangere… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pagan — Студийный альбом Cruachan Дата выпуска 1 апреля 2004 Жанр …   Википедия

  • Pagan — Pa gan, a. [L. paganus of or pertaining to the country, pagan. See {Pagan}, n.] Of or pertaining to pagans; relating to the worship or the worshipers of false goods; heathen; idolatrous, as, pagan tribes or superstitions. [1913 Webster] And all… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pagan — [pā′gən] n. [ME < LL(Ec) paganus, a heathen, pagan (contrasted with Christian or Jew) < L, a peasant, rustic < pagus, country < IE base * pak , to join, enclose, fasten > FANG, L pax] 1. a person who is not a Christian, Muslim, or… …   English World dictionary

  • Pagan [1] — Pagan, Insel in den nördlichen Marianen, 97,2 qkm mit (1903) 104 Einw. (74 Karolinier und 30 Chamorro), besteht aus zwei durch eine flache Ebene verbundenen, 300 m hohen, noch tätigen Vulkanbergen. Reiche Kokospalmenbestände umsäumen die Küsten… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • pagan — (n.) late 14c., from L.L. paganus pagan, in classical Latin villager, rustic, civilian, from pagus rural district, originally district limited by markers, thus related to pangere to fix, fasten, from PIE root *pag to fix (see PACT (Cf. pact)).… …   Etymology dictionary

  • pagan — [adj] irreligious agnostic, atheistic, heathen, idolatrous, impious, infidel, polytheistic, profane; concept 542 Ant. believing, religious pagan [n] person who does not believe in an orthodox religion agnostic, atheist, doubter, freethinker,… …   New thesaurus

  • Pagan — (spr. Pagang), Blaise Franc., Graf von P., geb. 1604; trat als 12jähriger Knabe in franz. Kriegsdienste u. machte den Feldzug von 1620, dann außer vielen anderen Belagerungen auch die von St. Jean d Angely, Montauban u. Rochelle mit u. trug… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon